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Queen's Wood Local Nature Reserve

Queen's Wood Local Nature Reserve

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Local Authority

Local Council

Contact Info

Phone Number
+44 014 3253 0088

Location

Address
4 Connaught Gardens
Postal Code
N10 3LB
City

Parks OpenSpace

About Park Group
Queen’s Wood is an ancient woodland and dates from at least 1600, possibly from prehistoric times. It became a Local Nature Reserve in 1990 and is listed by the London Ecology Unit as a Site Of Metropolitan Importance.

As well as being one of our four local nature reserves, Queen's Wood is also one of four ancient woodlands in Haringey. These woods are thought to be the direct descendants of the original ‘wildwood’, which covered most of Britain about five thousand years ago.

The wood was known as Churchyard Bottom Wood until it was purchased by Hornsey Urban District Council and renamed Queen's Wood in honour of Queen Victoria.

The wood is an ancient oak-hornbeam woodland. Today English oak and occasional beech stand above hornbeam, midland hawthorn, hazel, mountain ash, field maple, cherry, holly and both species of lowland birch. The scarce wild service tree is scattered throughout the wood.

The ground flora is particularly rich for somewhere so close to central London. It includes a large population of wood anemone, native bluebells, wood goldilocks and a thriving population of wood sorrel.

Despite fairly high levels of disturbance, the bird life is diverse and includes all three species of woodpecker. Over one hundred species of spiders have been spotted and a nationally rare jewel beetle is widespread.
Park Facilities
Queen's Wood was once called Churchyard Bottom Wood, and was originally part of the Great Forest of Middlesex. It was said to be the site of a plague pit. In 1898 it was purchased from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners by Hornsey Urban District Council, opened to the public by Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany, and renamed Queen's Wood in honour of Queen Victoria. The wood is an ancient oak-hornbeam woodland, which features English oak and occasional beech which provide a canopy above cherry, field maple, hazel, holly, hornbeam, midland hawthorn, mountain ash and both species of lowland birch. The scarce Wild Service Tree (which is evidence of the Woods's ancient origin) is scattered throughout the wood. The Wood has a small adventure playground, but no park or playing fields, and has never been subjected to intensive management of the type practised at Highgate Wood and accordingly there is greater diversity of flora and fauna - Bantock (1984) found a significantly greater number of ground feeding birds present in the Wood when compared to Highgate Wood, which he attributed to the greater structural diversity and denser shrub layer present. Queen's Wood is a Local Nature Reserve and a Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation.The ground flora is particularly rich given its proximity to central London (the wood is within a six-mile radius of Charing Cross railway station). It includes a large population of wood anemone, goldilocks buttercup and wood sorrel, yellow pimpernel and square-stemmed St John's wort. A survey conducted in 1984[6] noted 39 distinct herbaceous species and 15 different grasses native to the wood, in addition to some 23 species of tree and shrub.

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